Base Oil Market Report Scope & Overview:

Base Oil Market Size was valued at USD 20.86 billion in 2023. It is projected to reach USD 31.62 billion by 2031 and grow at a CAGR of 5.3% over the forecast period 2024-2031.

The base oil market is experiencing growth due to the expanding automotive and manufacturing sectors, which demand lubricants for machinery and vehicle maintenance. Additionally, the increasing focus on energy efficiency and sustainability drives the demand for high-quality base oils. Technological advancements in production processes enable the manufacturing of superior base oils with improved properties, meeting evolving industry standards. The kind of base oil used for refining and/or the process of base oil manufacture might affect the quality of a lubricant. As base oils typically make up between 70 and 97 percent of lubricant formulations, it is crucial for the grade of the industrial lubricant. Furthermore, stringent environmental regulations promoting the use of eco-friendly lubricants further boost market growth. Overall, these factors contribute to the expansion of the base oil market.

Base Oil Market Revenue Analysis

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Market Dynamics


  • Increasing vehicle production and sales globally

  • Expansion in industrial sectors such as manufacturing, construction, and mining

  • Advancements in base oil refining technologies enable the production of high-quality lubricants

  • Rising marine industry demand for base oils

The growing demand for base oils from the marine industry is a significant factor shaping the base oil market. The marine sector relies on base oils for various lubrication needs, including engine oils, hydraulic fluids, and gear oils. With increasing maritime activities, such as shipping, offshore exploration, and cruise tourism, the need for effective lubrication solutions to ensure smooth operations and prevent equipment wear is driving the demand for base oils. This trend underscores the market's responsiveness to industry-specific requirements and its role in supporting diverse sectors like the marine industry.


  • Fluctuations in crude oil prices directly impact the production cost of base oils


  • Rising Demand for Bio-based Lubricants

  • Increasing preference for Group II and Group III base oils over conventional base oils

The growing preference for Group II and Group III base oils over conventional options presents a significant opportunity in the base oil market. These advanced base oils offer superior performance characteristics, including better oxidation stability, higher viscosity index, and reduced volatility, meeting the evolving demands of end-users for higher-quality lubricants. As industries prioritize efficiency and sustainability, the adoption of Group II and Group III base oils is expected to increase, driving market growth and expanding the market share of these premium products.


  • Competition from Synthetic Lubricants

Synthetic lubricants, which encompass synthetic base oils, provide benefits like improved performance, increased longevity, and longer intervals between oil changes. With ongoing advancements and growing acceptance, synthetic lubricants create competition for conventional base oils. This competition could potentially curtail the market share of traditional base oils as more industries opt for the advantages offered by synthetic alternatives.

Impact of Russia-Ukraine War:

The potential Russia-Ukraine conflict threatens base oil supply chains, given Russia's significant production role, potentially leading to global supply reductions. Disruptions in production and logistics may induce scarcity, elevating prices and market volatility. Notably, the oil market price surged from $76.1 to over $110 per barrel from January to March 2022, signifying market sensitivity. Economic insecurity from the conflict could reshape industrial and consumer behaviors, impacting lubricant demand and base oil consumption. Fluctuations in demand patterns are expected as affected industries adjust operations. Moreover, the conflict notably accounts for 70.72% and 73.62% of the fluctuation in WTI and Brent crude oil prices, respectively, while causing a significant long-term trend shift in crude oil prices.

Impact of Economic Downturn:

During economic downturns, reduced spending leads to deferred vehicle and machinery maintenance, directly decreasing lubricant demand, and impacting base oil consumption. Declines in manufacturing and industrial activity further exacerbate this trend, diminishing lubricant use in equipment and processes. Fluctuations in crude oil prices during downturns add market uncertainty, potentially disrupting supply chains. Severe downturns forced refinery production cuts, limiting base oil supply, with the impact varying based on downturn duration and severity. Short-term slowdowns may cause temporary demand dips, while prolonged recessions could have lasting effects on the base oil market.

Market Segment:

By Group

  • Group I

  • Group II

  • Group III

  • Group IV

  • Group V

Group I dominated the group segment of the base oil market with a revenue share of more than 42% in 2023 primarily due to its cost-effectiveness and widespread availability. With a relatively simpler refining process compared to other groups, Group I base oils are more economically viable for a range of applications, driving their widespread adoption across various industries. Additionally, their compatibility with additives enhances their versatility, further solidifying their market dominance.

By Application

  • Automotive Oils

  • Hydraulic Oils

  • Metalworking Fluids

  • General Industrial Oils

  • Greases

  • Process Oils

  • Others

By application, the automotive oils held the highest revenue share of more than 40% in 2023 primarily attributed to the continued growth of the automotive industry worldwide. With increasing vehicle production and maintenance needs, demand for automotive oils remains robust. Additionally, stringent performance standards and specifications necessitate high-quality lubricants, further driving the adoption of base oils in this sector. Moreover, technological advancements in automotive lubricants enhance engine efficiency and durability, contributing to their dominant market position.


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Regional Analysis:

Asia Pacific dominated the Base Oil Market with the highest revenue share of more than 45% in 2023 owing to the region's robust industrial growth and expanding automotive sector. The region's flourishing manufacturing activities, particularly in countries like China and India, fuel the demand for base oils in various applications. Additionally, rapid urbanization and infrastructural development further stimulate base oil consumption, consolidating Asia Pacific's leading position in the market.

Europe is the second largest region in the Base Oil Market due to its mature automotive and manufacturing sectors, which drive substantial demand for lubricants and base oils. The region's stringent regulatory environment promotes the adoption of high-quality lubricants, supporting market growth. Additionally, the presence of key market players and advanced technological capabilities further strengthens Europe's position in the base oil market, ensuring continued prominence in the industry.



North America

  • US

  • Canada

  • Mexico


  • Eastern Europe

    • Poland

    • Romania

    • Hungary

    • Turkey

    • Rest of Eastern Europe

  • Western Europe

    • Germany

    • France

    • UK

    • Italy

    • Spain

    • Netherlands

    • Switzerland

    • Austria

    • Rest of Western Europe

Asia Pacific

  • China

  • India

  • Japan

  • South Korea

  • Vietnam

  • Singapore

  • Australia

  • Rest of Asia Pacific

Middle East & Africa

  • Middle East

    • UAE

    • Egypt

    • Saudi Arabia

    • Qatar

    • Rest of the Middle East

  • Africa

    • Nigeria

    • South Africa

    • Rest of Africa

Latin America

  • Brazil

  • Argentina

  • Colombia

  • Rest of Latin America

Key Players:

The Key Players are Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS) (Malaysia), Repsol S.A. (Spain), Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (India), Rosneft (Russia), China National Offshore Oil Corporation  (China),Royal Dutch Shell plc (The Netherlands), Saudi Aramco (Saudi Arabia), GS Caltex Corporation (U.S.), Chevron Corporation (U.S.), Exxon Mobil Corporation (U.S.), Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) (UAE), Petrochina Company Limited China), Sinopec Corp (China) & Other Players.

Rosneft (Russia)-Company Financial Analysis

Recent development-

  • In March 2024, the Chinese state-owned oil and gas giant CNOOC Ltd (0883. HK) made a significant discovery in the South China Sea. They found a new reserve containing over 100 million tons of oil equivalent proved place.

  • In January 2024, Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. (HPCL) awarded a contract to Chevron Lummus Global LLC (CLG) to license technologies for a proposed grassroots unit at their 9.5-million tonne/year (tpy) refinery in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

  • In October 2023, Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd. partnered with Saudi Aramco Base Oil Company - Luberef. They signed an MOU regarding the supply of refined lubricant base oil Gr.III.

  • In May 2023, Shell Plc (SHEL.L) announced that they will be utilizing AI-based technology from big-data analytics firm SparkCognition in their deep-sea exploration and production. This partnership aims to boost offshore oil output.

  • In September 2022- Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) awarded ThyssenKrupp Industrial Solutions India Private Ltd. an engineering, procurement, and construction contract valued at USD 75 million. The contract involves setting up a Catalytic Dewaxing Unit (CDWU) with a capacity of 270 kilotons per annum (KTPA) for the production of lube base oils at its Gujarat refinery in India

  • In April 2022 - Chevron Global Energy Inc., a subsidiary of Chevron Corporation, successfully acquired the NEXBASE brand from Neste Corporation. This strategic move enhances Chevron's standing as a prominent global supplier of base oils. The acquisition of the NEXBASE brand bolsters Chevron's position in the base oil market, reinforcing its ability to offer a wider range of base oil products and solutions to customers worldwide.

Base Oil Market Report Scope:
Report Attributes Details
Market Size in 2023 US$ 20.86 Billion
Market Size by 2031 US$ 31.62 Billion
CAGR CAGR of 5.3% From 2024 to 2031
Base Year 2023
Forecast Period 2024-2031
Historical Data 2020-2022
Report Scope & Coverage Market Size, Segments Analysis, Competitive  Landscape, Regional Analysis, DROC & SWOT Analysis, Forecast Outlook
Key Segments • By Group (Group I, Group II, Group III, Group IV, and Group V)
• By Application (Automotive Oils, Hydraulic Oils, Metalworking Fluids, General Industrial Oils, Greases, Process Oils, Others)
Regional Analysis/Coverage North America (US, Canada, Mexico), Europe (Eastern Europe [Poland, Romania, Hungary, Turkey, Rest of Eastern Europe] Western Europe] Germany, France, UK, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Switzerland, Austria, Rest of Western Europe]), Asia Pacific (China, India, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam, Singapore, Australia, Rest of Asia Pacific), Middle East & Africa (Middle East [UAE, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Rest of Middle East], Africa [Nigeria, South Africa, Rest of Africa], Latin America (Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Rest of Latin America)
Company Profiles Sumitomo Heavy Industries, Ltd. (Japan), Veolia Water Technologies (France), Saltworks Technologies Inc. (Canada), JEOL Ltd. (Japan), Colmac Coil Manufacturing, Inc. (US), GEA Group AG (Germany), De Dietrich Process Systems (France), Coilmaster Corporation (US), SPX Flow Inc. (US), Belmar Technologies Ltd. (England), SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions (France)
Key Drivers • Increasing vehicle production and sales globally 
• Expansion in industrial sectors such as manufacturing, construction, and mining
• Advancements in base oil refining technologies enable the production of high-quality lubricants
• Rising marine industry demand for base oils
RESTRAINTS • Fluctuations in crude oil prices directly impact the production cost of base oils

Frequently Asked Questions

Ans. The Compound Annual Growth rate for the Base Oil Market over the forecast period is 5.3%.

Ans. The projected market size for the Base Oil Market is USD 31.62 billion.

Ans: China dominated the Asia Pacific region in the Base Oil Market with the highest revenue share in 2023.

Ans: The Base Oil Market is primarily driven by the growing demand from the automotive, industrial, and manufacturing sectors, coupled with technological advancements in base oil production processes.

Ans: Challenges for the Base Oil Market include fluctuations in crude oil prices, environmental regulations regarding emissions and disposal of used lubricants, competition from synthetic lubricants, and the potential impact of economic downturns on industrial production and consumer behavior.

1. Introduction

1.1 Market Definition
1.2 Scope
1.3 Research Assumptions

2. Industry Flowchart

3. Research Methodology

4. Market Dynamics
4.1 Drivers
4.2 Restraints
4.4 Opportunities
4.4 Challenges

5. Impact Analysis
5.1 Impact of Russia-Ukraine War
5.2 Impact of Economic Slowdown
5.2.1 Introduction
5.2.2 Impact on major economies US Canada Germany France United Kingdom China Japan South Korea India

6. Value Chain Analysis

7. Porter’s 5 forces model

8. PEST Analysis

9. Average Selling Price
9.1 North America
9.2 Europe
9.3 Asia Pacific
9.4 Latin America
9.5 Middle East & Africa

10. Base Oil Market Segmentation, By Group
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Trend Analysis
10.3 Group I
10.4 Group II
10.5 Group III
10.6 Group IV
10.7 Group V

11. Base Oil Market Segmentation, By Application
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Trend Analysis
11.3 Automotive Oils
11.4 Hydraulic Oils
11.5 Metalworking Fluids
11.6 General Industrial Oils
11.7 Greases
11.8 Process Oils
11.9 Others

12. Regional Analysis
12.1 Introduction
12.2 North America
12.2.1 USA
12.2.2 Canada
12.2.3 Mexico
12.3 Europe
12.3.1 Eastern Europe Poland Romania Hungary Turkey Rest of Eastern Europe
12.3.2 Western Europe Germany France UK Italy Spain Netherlands Switzerland Austria Rest of Western Europe
12.4 Asia-Pacific
12.4.1 China
12.4.2 India
12.4.3 Japan
12.4.4 South Korea
12.4.5 Vietnam
12.4.6 Singapore
12.4.7 Australia
12.4.8 Rest of Asia Pacific
12.5 The Middle East & Africa
12.5.1 Middle East UAE Egypt Saudi Arabia Qatar Rest of the Middle East
12.5.2 Africa Nigeria South Africa Rest of Africa
12.6 Latin America
12.6.1 Brazil
12.6.2 Argentina
12.6.3 Colombia
12.6.4 Rest of Latin America

13 Company Profile
13.1 Petroliam Nasional Berhad (PETRONAS)

13.1.1 Company Overview
13.1.2 Financials
13.1.3 Product/Services Offered
13.1.4 SWOT Analysis
13.1.5 The SNS View
13.2 Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (India)
13.2.1 Company Overview
13.2.2 Financials
13.2.3 Product/Services Offered
13.2.4 SWOT Analysis
13.2.5 The SNS View
13.3 Repsol S.A
13.3.1 Company Overview
13.3.2 Financials
13.3.3 Product/Services Offered
13.3.4 SWOT Analysis
13.3.5 The SNS View
13.4 Rosneft
13.4 Company Overview
13.4.2 Financials
13.4.3 Product/Services Offered
13.4.4 SWOT Analysis
13.4.5 The SNS View
13.5 China National Offshore Oil Corporation
13.5.1 Company Overview
13.5.2 Financials
13.5.3 Product/Services Offered
13.5.4 SWOT Analysis
13.5.5 The SNS View
13.6 Royal Dutch Shell plc
13.6.1 Company Overview
13.6.2 Financials
13.6.3 Product/Services Offered
13.6.4 SWOT Analysis
13.6.5 The SNS View
13.7 Saudi Aramco
13.7.1 Company Overview
13.7.2 Financials
13.7.3 Product/Services Offered
13.7.4 SWOT Analysis
13.7.5 The SNS View
13.8 GS Caltex Corporation
13.8.1 Company Overview
13.8.2 Financials
13.8.3 Product/Services Offered
13.8.4 SWOT Analysis
13.8.5 The SNS View
13.9 Chevron Corporation
13.9.1 Company Overview
13.9.2 Financials
13.9.3 Product/ Services Offered
13.9.4 SWOT Analysis
13.9.5 The SNS View
13.10 Exxon Mobil Corporation
13.10.1 Company Overview
13.10.2 Financials
13.10.3 Product/Services Offered
13.10.4 SWOT Analysis
13.10.5 The SNS View
13.11 Abu Dhabi National Oil Company
13.11.1 Company Overview
13.11.2 Financials
13.11.3 Product/Services Offered
13.11.4 SWOT Analysis
13.11.5 The SNS View
13.12 PetroChina Company Limited
13.12.1 Company Overview
13.12.2 Financials
13.12.3 Product/Services Offered
13.12.4 SWOT Analysis
13.12.5 The SNS View
13.13 Sinopec Corp
13.13.1 Company Overview
13.13.2 Financials
13.13.3 Product/Services Offered
13.13.4 SWOT Analysis
13.13.5 The SNS View

14. Competitive Landscape
14.1 Competitive Benchmarking
14.2 Market Share Analysis
14.3 Recent Developments
14.3.1 Industry News
14.3.2 Company News
14.3.3 Mergers & Acquisitions

15. USE Cases and Best Practices

16. Conclusion

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Secondary Research

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Primary Research

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Data Bank Validation

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